pdf file, 8 pages Published: 2002 GeoOrigin: Ontario
The idea that low income and poverty are determinants of poor health is uncontested. There is increasing evidence that societies with great numbers of poor people begin to show a spillover effect by which the health of the "non-poor" also begins to deteriorate. This paper considers the impact of poverty on population health and the barriers to effective action.
pdf file, 2 pages Published: 2003 GeoOrigin: Alberta
Studies show that over 50% of Canadians are not active enough to reap health benefits. Why aren't Canadians more active? This WellSpring article discusses the broader circumstances that influence life choices (e.g., policy and environmental factors). The article also provides insights for practitioners who advocate physical, social, and economic changes to promote physical activity.
The CCPA offers an alternative to the message that we have no choice about the policies that affect our lives. The CCPA promotes research on issues of social and economic justice. The CCPA publishes progressive research and analysis in many different formats including books, research reports, policy briefs, short pieces, and backgrounders designed to give you the important facts in a quick overview. Much of this information is available free on the CCPA web site.
The council is a non-profit social policy and research organization that focuses on issues such as poverty, social inclusion, disability, cultural diversity, child well-being, employment, and housing. The council's web site includes an extensive list of social indicators.
CPRN contributes expertise in health-care services and population health, with a unique focus on translating research into policy. The CPRN mission is to create knowledge and lead public debate on social and economic issues important to the well-being of Canadians. CPRN's goal is to help make Canada a more just, prosperous, and caring society. For more information about CPRN and to receive weekly e-network news, visit the web site.
Brownson, R.C., Baker, E.A., Housemann, R.A., Brennan, L.K., & Bacak, S.J. (2001). Environmental and policy determinants of physical activity in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 1995-2003.
Plotnikoff, R.C., Taylor, L.M., Wilson, P.M., Courneya, K.S., Sigal, R.J., Birkett, N., et al., (2006). Factors associated with physical activity in Canadian adults with diabetes. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 38, 1526-1534.
NCC publication that summarizes the results of two environmental scans that described the relationship between social determinants of health and health status. It also give examples of initiatives implemented for positive change.
A link to this resource is unavailable. A hard copy is available in the Centre library: Health/Well-being--Health Determinants [file cabinet], ID #1196
The World Health Organization's support of this conference shows that physical activity is a priority at the global level. This web site provides information on the latest conference in this series that began in Ottawa in 1996.
Health promotion is a process, not a quick fix, according to a report from the PAHO Division of Health Promotion and Prevention. Health promotion aims to achieve an outcome over the long term, with specific results in the medium and short term. Specific outcomes differ, but they may involve citizen and community participation and may also contribute to improving quality of life. PAHO promotes a broad concept of health as a basis for human development and an acceptable quality of life.
pdf file, 1 page Published: Dec 2005 GeoOrigin: Alberta
The 2005 Alberta Survey on Physical Activity highlights the importance of the role that health determinants play in physical activity behaviour. This Research Update article summarizes the survey results from a health-determinants' perspective.
This Research Update article summarizes a research study that compared individual, family, and neighbourhood characteristics for children from birth up to age eight and related these characteristics to children's health outcomes.
This report is about ideas, research and understanding of the importance of inclusion, broadening the dialogue so that attention is focused on the determinants of health. The report is based on six community forums on inclusion in 2005-2006.
A hard copy is also available in the Centre Library: Health/Well-Being--Health Determinants, Report ID #1323.
pdf file, 125 pages Published: May 2003 GeoOrigin: International
There is growing interest in the potential for preventive interventions to improve average health status in OECD countries and to tackle remaining health inequalities. The interest includes health services and measures to influence behaviour, and actions to improve the contribution of the social, economic, and physical environments to health. This paper notes the trends in health inequalities in OECD countries, reviews the case for population-health investments, and the evidence on interventions' effectiveness. One focus of this paper is on falls among the elderly.
pdf file, 1 page Published: 2005 GeoOrigin: Alberta
This Research Update report compares data collected in 2000, 2002, and 2005 by the Alberta Centre for Active Living for the Alberta Surveys on Physical Activity. The report found that leisure-time physical activity levels increased significantly among Albertan adults between 2000 and 2005.
pdf file, 4 pages Published: Aug 2008 GeoOrigin: Alberta
Discusses the social, physical, and policy factors affecting the level of a child's activity. Stresses the importance of exercise to child development. Provides suggestions for parents, community recreation leaders, and local and provincial governments on how to increase the physical activity level of children in Canada. An audio version is also available.
html file, 2 pages Published: 2003 GeoOrigin: Alberta
Part of the Alberta Centre for Active Living's 2002 Alberta Survey on Physical Activity looked at whether perceived access to places and facilities influences self-reported physical activity among urban residents.
Most residents in urban areas in Alberta agree that they have access to places where they can be physically active. Most also state that some of these places are in their neighbourhoods and are available at a low cost. According to this Research Update article, the easier the access to places and facilities, including low-cost facilities, the higher the activity level of residents.
315 pages Published: 1998 GeoOrigin: International
This is a textbook that makes use of principles and concepts from the fields of epidemiology, demography, sociology, and anthropology and is organized around the key objectives of measuring the health status of populations, assessing population health risks and inferring causation, and planning and evaluating population health interventions.
A link to this resource is unavailable. A hard copy is available in the Centre library: Health/Well-being--Population Health, ID #353
pdf file, 14 pages Published: Oct 2001 GeoOrigin: Alberta
At the Provincial Fitness Trainers' Conference in October 2001, Joan Wharf Higgins discussed why Canadians who are un- or under-employed, have lower education levels, experience more stress, are less active than more well-to-do Canadians and have poorer overall health.
This meeting was convened to discuss current issues and opportunities in health promotion and health promotion research; explore health promotion's evoloving role in taking action on the determinants of health; explore and develop effective ways to participate in the health policy making process; facilitate networking, information-sharing and collaboration among Health Promotion Research Centres.
A link to this resource is unavailable. A hard copy is available in the Centre library: Health/Well-being--Health Promotion [file cabinet], ID #628
The report covers the following topics: the issues and opportunites in health promotion at national, provincial and regional levels; explores health promotion's evolving role in taking action on the determinants of health; to facilitate networking, information sharing, and collaboration among those involved in health promotion across the country.
A link to this resource is unavailable. A hard copy is available in the Centre library: Health/Well-being--Health Promotion [file cabinet], ID #726
This book provides Canadians with an introduction to social determinants of our health. It explains how living conditions either promote health or cause disease. It then explains the why's and how's of 14 key social determinants of health and concludes with a section on what Canadians can do to improve the quality of the social determinants of health.
A hard copy of this resource is also available in the Centre Library: Health/Well-Being--Health Determinants, Report ID #1320.
PDF file, 2 pages Published: Sep 2009 GeoOrigin: Alberta
This Research Update article highlights a study that estimates the impact of physical inactivity on the Canadian health care system. The study estimates how often health care services are being used in association with physical inactivity.
pdf file, 1 page Published: Mar 2006 GeoOrigin: Alberta
This [http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/research.html,Research Update} article highlights a study of five-year-old children in Saskatoon that compared children's outcomes with the resources available in their communities and with their community's characteristics. This article was written by the Saskatchewan Population Health Evaluation and Research Unit (SPHERU).
Shepherd, J., Harden, A., Rees, R., Brunton, G., Garcia, J., Oliver, S., et al. (2006). Young people and healthy eating: A systematic review of research on barriers and facilitators. Health Education Research, 21, 239-257.